Fatehpur Sikri, Agra – A Complete Guide. Fatehpur Sikri was a mysteriously deserted red sandstone extravagant capital city of the Mughal realm in the 16th century. It now stands desolated as a well-kept ghost city.
This city is situated approximately 40 kilometres from Agra which is in the western part of Uttar Pradesh. And now it got the status of a World Heritage spot by UNESCO.
It was established in 1569 by the Mughal ruler Akbar. The construction of this city took approximately 15 years to complete and consists of numerous magnificent palaces, courts, a harem and a mosque.
The buildings were constructed from red sandstone and were designed to keep Persian constructive ideas.
About Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri was formerly the eminent capital city of Mughal Emperor Akbar till 1585. This town was constructed to honour the Sufi saint Salim Chishti, and the whole palace building is constructed around the Sufi saint’s burial place. This place is actually famous for its historical monuments.
This place was also the home of the Sufi saint Salim Chisti, who resided here in a cavern. Mughal Akbar came to visit him in the 16th century to ask for his blessings for a male successor. After that, Prince Salim was born in this city.
He constructed three palaces for each of his beloved wives, one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian.
An Indo-Islamic work of art, Fatehpur Sikri is encircled by an 11 km long wall which has different gateways.
Fatehpur Sikri means the city of victory.
The name was decided after the successful victory over the kings of Gujrat. A stunning gate named Buland Darwaza was built to commemorate the victory. It was 54 meters tall.
This town most of the time underwent water scarcity and was deserted soon after the demise of Mughal Emperor Akbar.
Also read 10 Best Places To Visit in Agra
Fatehpur Sikri Architecture
Fatehpur Sikri is an equipped town that is enclosed by 6-km long protective walls with a number of gates on three sides whereas fourth side’s boundaries on a lake.
This town attributes the Indo-Islamic structural technique and is built by using red sandstone. The architecture integrated the Hindu and Jain structural design.
There are plenty of palaces, memorial, mosques, public structures, and other constructions embellish the town. All these give a commendable architectural splendour.
There are eight through which you can enter the city, which includes the Delhi Gate, the Lal Gate, the Agra Gate, the Ajmeri Gate, the Gwalior Gate and etc. The most prominent structures of the city are Jama Masjid, one of the largest mosques in India till today.
Also read 8 Popular Shopping Places in Agra
Structures in the Fatehpur Sikri complex
The intricate architectural structures are the Buland Darwaza, the Tomb of Salim Chisti, and the Panch Mahal creates a centre of attention for travellers from all over the world.
Buland Darwaza is the historical architecture in India constructed by Mughal Emperor Akbar. The world’s tallest gate is sited at Fatepur Sikri in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
The meaning of Buland is great or high, which is, ‘great door’. Emperor Akbar constructed it over the victory of Gujarat. The ‘Gate of Magnificence’ is the other name of Buland Darwaza.
It is 54 meters tall. A wonderful combination of Persian and Mughal constructions, it is the main entrance to the grand complex of Fatehpur Sikri. Carved from the Quran on the portico pillars and commemorative are the tourist attractions of this construction.
Tomb of Salim Chisti
The tomb was created by Mughal emperor Akbar as a blemish of respect for the Sufi saint, who foretold the birth of Jahangir.
The white marble tomb is situated in the compound of Jama Mosque close to Zenana Rauza in front of Buland Darwaza. It is one of the best examples of Mughal architecture in India.
Jama Masjid was built in the year 1656. It has a roomy patio which can hold thousands of the people who offer their prayers. The other name of Jama Masjid is ‘Masjid -i-Jahanuma’ or ‘Mosque imposing vision of the world’.
It was intended as Emperor Shahjahan’s main mosque. It is also Delhi’s chief mosque, the place where the Muslims usually assemble for Friday mutual prayer. This mosque is close to the Red Fort, however another of Shah Jahan’s structure.
This Panch Mahal is the five-storey structure in Fatehpur Sikri. Well-known for its exceptional structural design, it is situated near to the Harem. It was constructed by Akbar.
The structural design of Panch Mahal was motivated by that of a Buddhist shrine. The whole compound is made of nearby excavated red sandstone, which is also called as Sikri sandstone.
The pavilion gives a splendid sight of the fort that lies on its left. The pond before the Panch Mahal is known as Anoop Talab.
Palace of Jodha Bai
This palace is situated on the east side of the whole of the fortress. It was used as the abode for the different queens of Akbar and other people of the Harem.
It is made of red sandstone. This is another beautiful construction of Mughals. In Fatehpur Sikri, the Palace of Jodha Bai is one of the most distinguished Palaces.
Hiran Minar was established during the sovereignty of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. It was used in a hunting reserve by the Mughal monarchs. It was made in a forest.
Mughal emperors used to experience a sense of semi-wilderness near the regal town of Lahore. The meaning of Hiran Tower is “Deer Tower”.
Birbal’s abode is situated very close to the northwest curve of Jodhbai’s palace. It is one of the astonishing constructions of royal Harem. It was constructed in the year 1571.
It has fours-square accommodation; each quantifies 16′ -10″ rectangular surface, all unified through the open entrance and two rectangular front covered entrances on Northwest and Southeast corners.
Although all the 4 rooms have flat upper limits, covered entrances have triangular chhappar top limit with a pyramidal top.
Diwan-i-Khas is situated inside the Red Fort. It is the hall of personal audiences, where the ruler would perform conference with chief of states and high position bureaucrats.
The hall is basically a rectangular hall with high domed openings, which are brilliantly carved. The curves are held in place by the pier, which has been festooned with flowery designs.
In the middle of the Diwas-i-Khas, there is a famous Peacock Throne on which Shah Jahan would sit and lead over meetings. The throne was ultimately looted by Nadir Shah in 1739.
You may also like 10 Best Street Foods in Agra That You Must Try
Fatehpur Sikri Entry Fees
The entry fee for Fatehpur Sikri is Rs. 40 for Indian Nationals, SAARC, BIMSTEC and Rs.550 for other foreigners. You can take online tickets to save your valuable time. The entry fee for children under 15 years of age is free.
Fatehpur Sikri Timings
It is open throughout the week. And it is open from sunrise to sunset. So you can visit any time.
How To Reach Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri is about 40 kilometres from Agra. The perfect means to visit Emperor Akbar’s previous capital is by cab. You can take a taxi to Agra, and you can visit it with Taj Mahal and Agra Fort.
The nearest airport is Kheria Airport. The nearest railway station is Fatehpur Sikri Railway Station (FTS), and the nearest bus stand is The Idgah Bus Stand.
Attractions Near Fatehpur Sikri
Taj Mahal is one of the special places which you should not miss, as of its mammoth attractiveness. It is the UNESCO world heritage place and also one of the Seven Wonders of the World because of its colossal beauty.
It is the sign of love and was made by Emperor Shah Jahan in the adoring memory his wife and the most esteemed Queen in his Harem, Begum Mumtaz Mahal.
Agra Fort was the chief abode Mughal period till 1638 when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi. The Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage blemish. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its more renowned sister memorial, the Taj Mahal.
Mehtab Bagh is situated on the left bank of the Yamuna opposite the Taj Mahal. The garden compound is about 300 square meters and is in a straight line position with the Taj Mahal.
You may also like Mehtab Bagh Timings, Entry Fee, History and more
Tomb of Itmad-ud-daulah
The burial place is the forerunner to the Taj Mahal as it was made by Nur Jahan for her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg.
It is situated on the eastern bank of River Yamuna in the town of Agra. This tombstone is situated in Moti Bagh area of Agra.
Hope you liked this article on Fatehpur Sikri. Do share your views with me in the comments section below. If this article was helpful, do share this post with your friends on Facebook and Twitter. It would mean a lot to me.